Bulletins for Asphalt Roofing Shingles, Best Practices

These bulletins offer concise, easy-to-understand information on common maintenance, repair, installation and weather-related topics affecting both residential and commercial roofs. Note: These documents and their related diagrams are copywritten by ARMA and are for the use of individual visitors to this site. They are not for duplication, distribution or inclusion into other texts without the express written consent of ARMA. Single copies of all ARMA technical bulletins can be downloaded directly by clicking on the title of the Technical Bulletin you need.

Further technical information can be found in ARMA's additional publications, such as the Residential Asphalt Roofing Manual, which can be purchased through ARMA's online bookstore. Click here to browse through ARMA's wide variety of general, educational, and specialized publications on both residential and commercial asphalt roofing. 

Residential Roofing

Click on the bulletin title for more information and a download link.

Asphalt Shingle Recycling FAQs


What is asphalt shingle recycling?

It is becoming increasingly common for shingles to be recycled versus being sent to a landfill. Shingle...

Asphalt Shingle Recycling Do’s and Don’ts

Asphalt shingle recycling is becoming very common as an alternative to sending materials to a landfill. Shingle recycling is the process of taking asphalt shingles from roof tear-offs and...

Algae Discoloration of Roofs

For many years, roof discoloration caused by algae has been observed throughout the United States and Canada. The discoloration usually has a brown to black appearance, and may be mistaken for...

Photovoltaic Systems and Asphalt Shingle Roofs


Photovoltaic (PV) systems convert sunlight into electricity. These systems have been successfully installed on residential asphalt shingle roofs for many years...

The 2010 Florida Building Code, Residential and Asphalt Shingle Wind Classifications


The selection of asphalt shingles to meet the 2010 Florida Building Code, Residential (FBC-R) requirements for wind

resistance relies on three...

The 2010 Florida Building Code, Building and Asphalt Shingle Wind Classifications


The selection of asphalt shingles to meet the 2010 Florida Building Code, Building (FBC-B) requirements for wind resistance relies on three separate sets of...

Coating of Asphalt Shingles After Installation

ARMA strongly advises against the application of any type of field-applied coating over installed asphalt shingles. There are many types and formulations of roof coatings so it is important to...

Self-Adhering Underlayment Removal Prior to Steep Slope Re-Roofing

This document discussed the best practices for removing self adhering underlayment when re-roofing a steep-sloped roof.

Self-adhering waterproof shingle underlayment is generally used on...

Water Soluble Residue Found on Asphalt Roofing Products (“Tobacco-Juicing”)

The formation of a “tobacco-juice” residue, so named for its color, has been widely attributed to the weathering of asphalt roofing (i.e., roof coatings, base and cap sheets and...

Installation of Self-Adhering Membranes In Steep Slope Roofing

Self-adhering bituminous membranes have commonly been used in sloped (greater than 2:12) roofing for many years. When applied as an underlayment, they are primarily used to help prevent water...

Cold Weather Recommendations for Applications of Asphalt Roofing Shingles

Contains criteria for storage, handling, application and safety in the shingle application process.

Hot Weather Recommendations for Storage and Application of Asphalt Roofing Shingles

Contains criteria for storage, handling, application and safety in the shingle application process.



Asphalt shingles have been used...

When Does a Shingle Comply with ASTM D3462?

Shingles that are in conformance with ASTM D3462 at the time of manufacture have a proven track record of performance, meeting and exceeding customer expectations.



Sampling Shingles For ASTM Testing

Understanding Why Proper Sampling Provides Credible Results


Sampling is the process of selecting material to be tested. For example, ASTM D3462 directs the user to consult...

Color Shading of Asphalt Shingle Roofs

Outline of the primary and secondary causes of color shading. Suggests ways to avoid this purely aesthetic problem.



As a roof is viewed from...

Re-roofing with Metric Shingles

Application guidelines for metric asphalt shingles using either the nesting or bridging method.

Plain Facts About Buckled Shingles

Reviews the causes, prevention and correction of buckled shingles.



Buckling is the result of asphalt shingles not laying flat due to the...

Ventilation and Moisture Control for Residential Roofing

Explains why ventilation should be incorporated into roof design.


The proper ventilation of attic areas is a very important design consideration. If implemented correctly,...

Application of Asphalt Shingles to Decks Installed over Insulation or Radiant Barriers

Highlights why most manufacturers do not recommend the application of shingles over insulation, insulated decks, or radiant barriers and suggests ventilation methods necessary if this type of...

Recommendations for Application of Asphalt Shingles on Steep Slopes and Mansard Construction

Defines the maximum slope for normal shingle application and suggests different installation methods for slopes beyond that maximum.


Over the last few years, architectural...

Preventing Damage from Ice Dams

Installation procedures for eaves flashing over low and steep sloped roofs. Includes illustrations.


Snow and ice formations on roofing structures can create ice dams at the...

Use of Asphalt Shingle Underlayment

Gives important reasons for installing asphalt-saturated felt underlayment over wood decks prior to shingle application.


There are a number of important reasons for installing...

Nail Application of Asphalt Strip Shingles for New and Recover Roofing

Criteria for proper placement and application of roofing nails.


The Asphalt Roofing Manufacturers Association (ARMA) recommends that properly driven roofing nails be utilized...

Re-roofing: Tear Off vs. Re-Cover

Tips on deciding whether or not it is necessary to tear off existing shingles when reroofing.


When the time has come to re-shingle an existing asphalt roof, one must decide...

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