Plain Facts About Buckled Shingles

Reviews the causes, prevention and correction of buckled shingles.

Description

Buckling is the result of asphalt shingles not laying flat due to the wrinkling of the roofing underlayment or the movement of the wood deck.

Causes

  • During the summer months we normally experience high humidity, and as the old roof is torn off the wood deck is exposed and absorbs moisture. As the wood increases in moisture content it can cause movement of the decking.
  • As the new roof is installed, moisture is trapped in the system, and roofing felt used as underlayment can absorb moisture and wrinkle.
  • Because homes are built tighter and with higher insulation levels they may not be properly ventilated. See individual manufacturer’s recommendations for additional ventilation requirements.
  • Roof sheathing that is not spaced a minimum of 1/8” can cause buckling due to expansion and contraction.

Solutions

  • Allow moisture to escape the roofing system. Once the roofing system reaches the proper moisture content the roof should lay flat and the buckling problem should not return.
  • Remove the shingles that are affected, and if the felt is wrinkled repair the felt wrinkles by cutting and re-nailing the felt so that it’s flat and replace the shingles.
  • Ensure that the attic is properly vented. The minimum requirements are one square foot of free vent area per 150 square feet of attic floor space, or if you have a vapor barrier with a perm rating of 1 or less on the warm side of the ceiling or you can provide 50% of ventilation at the eaves and the other 50% at the upper portion of the roof; you can reduce your ventilation to one (1) square foot of free area per 300 square feet of attic floor space.

Prevention

  • Use only wood decking materials approved by the roofing manufacturer that have been properly conditioned to be at moisture equilibrium with the job site environment. These materials should also be roofing manufacturer approved.
  • Do not expose decking materials to water either before or after application.
  • Cover wood deck materials with asphalt-saturated felt shingle underlayment (ASTM D 226, ASTM D 4869, ASTM D 6757 or CSA A123.3), then apply shingles.
  • Ensure adequate attic ventilation (e.g., a minimum of one square foot net free area per 150 square feet of attic floor space). See individual manufacturer’s recommendations for additional ventilation requirements.
  • Apply shingles in accordance with shingle manufacturers’ recommendations.

Correction

  • Ventilate the attic space to eliminate excess moisture. The addition of exhaust fans may be necessary.
  • When buckling persists, remove and replace the affected shingles.

DISCLAIMER OF LIABILITY: This document was prepared by the Asphalt Roofing Manufacturers Association and is disseminated for informational purposes only. Nothing contained herein is intended to revoke or change the requirements or specifications of the individual roofing material manufacturers or local, state and federal building officials that have jurisdiction in your area. Any question, or inquiry, as to the requirements or specifications of a manufacturer, should be directed to the roofing manufacturer concerned. THE USER IS RESPONSIBLE FOR ASSURING COMPLIANCE WITH ALL APPLICABLE LAWS AND REGULATIONS.

Nothing contained herein shall be interpreted as a warranty by ARMA, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose or non-infringement. IN NO EVENT SHALL ARMA BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER, including special, indirect, consequential or incidental damages or damages for loss of profits, revenue, use or data, whether claimed in contract, tort or otherwise. Where exclusion of implied warranties is not allowed, ARMA’s liability shall be limited to the minimum scope and period permitted by law.

Residential Roofing